Landscape maintenance is an art and vocation, generally in a garden, lawn, park, commercial setting, or estate. It involves preventive maintenance, repair, beautification, upgrading, and the adoption of designs. This work can take place on a large scale, such as for a national park or skyscraper, to a smaller scale, such as with a garden. However, all landscape maintenance takes place at the same time and by the same people, who are usually called ‘landscapers’. A landscape gardener is responsible for making a ‘scape’.
Landscape maintenance includes mulching, which prevents soil erosion and protects plants from extreme weather conditions. Mulching is usually used in gardens to prevent erosion, particularly in winter, by providing cover over the soil and dethatching plant growth. Landscaping maintenance may also involve the use of mulch in residential settings and is now widely regarded as an important part of landscape design.
Landscape maintenance, whether on a grand scale or on a small scale, incorporates different approaches to improving the beauty of the landscape. There are landscape designers who create the ‘look’, including the plants, trees, pathways, lighting, and drainage systems that make up the whole landscape. These professionals have the skill and knowledge to develop attractive outdoor spaces that are a reflection of their individual tastes, and they often work closely with property owners to create the desired look and feel. The creation of the landscape, including its creation and maintenance, forms the basis of the profession of landscape maintenance.
Landscape maintenance includes the application of various substances to bring about the overall condition of a landscape. One of the most common substances used is fertilizer. Fertilizer can be applied to lawns and to other surfaces, and either as a spray or as a spread. When sprayed as a spray, it is used to enhance the color and growth of the grass. When spread onto surfaces, it encourages the development of the soil, as well as providing it with additional nutrients. When fertilized soil is left in its natural state, it helps to conserve the moisture in the soil and to retain the quality of the underlying, inorganic, or organic materials that are present.
There are two types of landscape maintenance professionals. One type of landscaper is responsible for applying pesticides and other chemicals to protect the landscape, to control weeds, and to attract healthy wildlife to the area. The other type of landscape maintenance technician is one who is solely focused on the eradication of pests from the property. In many cases, the only purpose of these technicians is to eradicate any visible signs of pest infestation: this includes the application of pesticides, herbicides, and insecticides. Other types of services provided by these technicians may include the cleaning of birdhouses, the tiling of patios, and the installation of security lighting.
Landscape maintenance technicians who work exclusively with pesticides typically fall under the category of ‘pesticide applicators’. These individuals are responsible for applying pesticides to a given landscape in the most efficient way possible. Often, they will work closely with pest control companies to ensure that the pesticides being applied are at an appropriate concentration. Additionally, they will be responsible for the mixing and spreading of fertilizer on a given landscape. Fertilizer is often mixed into the soil in bags and then spread over the surface of the area in question.
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The third type of landscape technician – the ‘irrigation’ technician – works solely with the removal of weeds from a given landscape. Weeding, or removing weeds from a landscape, is often a difficult process; especially when taking into consideration the fact that each weed is connected to a root system that may prove very difficult to remove. In many cases, irrigation technicians will use a series of watering systems to rid a landscape of any weeds and pests, including the use of electric eels. This method of weed removal is often referred to as ‘irrigation-by-spade’ and has been used for decades on large properties as well as smaller residential properties. Due to the extreme watering requirements of this method, it should not be used on small gardens and will often require professional help in order to complete the process successfully.
Regardless of which type of Landscape Maintenance technician you choose to hire, there are many options available to you when it comes to hiring a company to take care of your landscaping needs. Some landscaping maintenance companies may offer a range of services to their clients; however, keep in mind that some of these may not be suitable for all landscaping tasks. Landscape maintenance companies can provide a variety of services, ranging from hauling away topsoil, to installing irrigation systems on your property. Whatever type of Landscape Maintenance you need, you may need to hire a landscaping company in order to make your property look as good as new!